Category Archives: Trademark

Destruction and Delivery Up: a Year in Review

Copyright and trade-mark owners whose IP is infringed may seek a variety of remedies against the perpetrators, including damages, injunctive relief and legal costs. Psychologically though, destruction and delivery up may provide the most satisfaction. Specifically provided for in the respective statutes,  these remedies allow the successful plaintiff to either compel the infringer to destroy the counterfeit items under oath or actually take possession of them. In this post, we survey destruction and delivery up orders granted and denied in 2019. Overall, the year’s rulings are mixed, demonstrating that even as the victim of infringement, “you can’t always get what you want.”

Luxury Goods

Luxury goods are common targets for counterfeiters, as this year’s crop of destruction and delivery up orders illustrates. Appearing four times before the Federal Court was Nathalie Marie Tobey, aka Nathalie Henrie. Operating out of a clandestine retail establishment on Old Yonge Street, Ms. Tobey was accused of selling counterfeit Givenchy, Louis Vuitton, Dior and Celine merchandise.  Her defence was essentially that a well-informed member of the public would not confuse the goods she was selling with the plaintiffs’. Justice Norris dismissed this defence as having “no hope of success whatsoever,” before ordering the delivery up of all goods bearing the plaintiff’s subject trademarks, at least, those not already seized by the Toronto Police Service.

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2019 was “Marked” by Significant Changes to Canada’s Trademarks Legislation

trademark lawyers and attorneys, faksen

After much anticipation, Canada’s new Trademarks Act (the “Act”), came into force on June 17, 2019. The Act introduced significant changes to Canadian trademarks laws which, together with the associated Trademarks Regulations, align Canada’s trademark prosecution and enforcement processes with those of the United States and the European Union, and facilitate Canada’s implementation of international intellectual property treaties.

Some of the key changes under the new Act are outlined below:

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Canada’s Trademark Modernization Continues: NICE Classification and Registered Marks

Earlier this year, the trademark system in Canada was modernized to bring in the Nice classification system.  The Nice classification system is an international classification system that is used to classify goods or services into 34 classes for goods and 11 classes for services for the purposes of registering trademarks.  As part of this modernization, the Canadian Trademarks Act was amended to add section 44.1, which provides the following:

44.1 (1) The Registrar may give notice to the registered owner of a trademark requiring the owner to furnish the Registrar, in the prescribed time and manner, with a statement of the goods or services in respect of which the trademark is registered, in which those goods or services are grouped in the manner described in subsection 30(3).

(2) The Registrar may amend the register in accordance with the statement furnished under subsection (1).

(3) If the statement required by subsection (1) is not furnished, the Registrar shall by a further notice fix a reasonable time after which, if the statement is not furnished, the Registrar may expunge the registration of the trademark or refuse to renew it.

(4) Any question arising as to the class within which any goods or services are to be grouped shall be determined by the Registrar, whose determination is not subject to appeal.

As a result, owners of existing trademark registrations in Canada will be required to classify the listed goods and/or services in order to maintain rights to the mark in Canada or the registration will be expunged.  We note the Canadian Trademarks Office allows six-months to respond to this notice.  The deadline to classify is extendable for another six-months but under limited exceptional circumstances.  If the deadline to classify is missed, a notice of default will issue which provides two-months to respond failing which will result in the expungement of the registration.

If a response is filed on or before the deadline to classify, the Canadian Trademarks Office will either accept the proposed classification of the goods and services, or issue an action requesting amendments.

Please note these notices issue to the agent of record noted on the registration.  If the trademark owner renews directly or a third party renews the registration on behalf of the trademark owner, the agent of record will receive the notice only.

If you require any assistance with the above (or any other trademark matters), don’t hesitate to contact the Fasken IP group

Growth in Chinese Trademark Applications by Canadian Companies Reflects New Business Reality

The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (“CIPO”) recently released its annual report, IP Canada Report 2019, on the statistics and trends regarding the intellectual property (“IP”) system in Canada and use of IP globally by Canadian companies. One interesting development highlighted in the report is that the number of Canadian companies filing trademark applications in China has seen steady growth over the past decade with 3,401 applications in 2018, a 265% increase since 2008.

This is likely due to several factors, including the growth in consumer spending in China; however, Canadian businesses who do not intend to sell their goods within the Chinese market may still want to consider registering their trademarks in China. China has a “first-to-file” trademark system and no “use” requirement, meaning valuable marks can be registered in the names of third parties looking to take advantage of business owners who fail to protect their IP in China. 

Chinese trademark registrations are important for companies that manufacture their goods in China for export to Canada and other jurisdictions. Chinese border services may detain goods due for export, however, on the basis that they infringe the registered Chinese trademark rights in an effort to crack down on counterfeits. In order to avoid these types of disputes, and incurring significant costs in getting the goods out of detention, we recommend that all companies manufacturing goods in China register their trademark with the Chinese National Intellectual Property Administration to allow for the easy export of their goods from China.

If you would like to discuss registering a trademark in China or elsewhere, please contact a member of the Fasken IP team.